When it comes to getting the most out of the situation, the settings you will use on your camera for that specific moment will make the difference between that beautiful photography everyone will admire and that one that will end up in your recycle bin. For example, let’s take a night shot: you need to set up your camera with longer exposure time, so that the aperture stays open for longer, to be able to capture most of the poor light. Furthermore, if you keep it in your hands the image will become fuzzy and everything will move.
The simple solution to this is to use a tripod, together with a shutter remote, so that you don’t even touch the camera and accidentally move it when you press the shutter. There is of course, the beginner’s solution, find a wall that can be the fixed stand you need. It all depends on the result you would want to achieve. With the same settings you could capture the light rays movement on a highway, shot for example from the interior of one abandoned building, as to show the transition of the old to the new, of the static to the moving, the past and the future. The same recipe for that beautiful ray of light you would probably stumble upon while walking in a very dark building, poorly lit up.
As for the daylight shots, the job is easier. The exposure time should be smaller when the light is stronger. When the contrast of the scene is bigger, the settings should be tempered, so that the lit areas will not become burned, as the photographic language describes the white areas from your photos that don`t have pixels of any other colors. Remember that it’s easier to recover pixel information from the dark areas rather than from the very bright ones.